Periodontal disease is a chronic infection around the teeth that occurs over a period of time. Usually, it is associated with tartar that accumulates below the gums and is impossible for the patient to remove on his or her own (it’s even difficult for us to remove!) However, once the tartar is present below the gum tissue, it acts like a splinter and the gums can become very swollen, irritated and may bleed during routine daily hygiene.
A lot of times, the bone that holds the teeth in place retreats down the tooth in an effort to escape from the tartar but, on the contrary, the overall support of the tooth is now compromised. If this disease process goes untreated, the involved teeth will eventually be lost.